The CAJAL Advanced Neuroscience Training Programme is an independent international non-profit organization built upon a FENS and IBRO initiative in partnership with the Gatsby Charitable Foundation, Bordeaux Neurocampus (France) and the Champalimaud Foundation (Lisbon, Portugal). Its objective is to establish dedicated neuroscience training facilities in Europe. Six schools are hosted each year offering state-of-the-art hands-on training courses in neuroscience. They are designed by first-class neuroscientists and consist of 2-to-3-week project-based courses for approximately 20 international students. The programme includes cutting-edge techniques and concepts relevant to modern neuroscience in a diverse array of disciplines.